Definition of Aloe Vera
Aloe vera (Aloe vera: Latin: Aloe barbadensis Milleer) is a kind of plant that has been known for thousands of years ago and used as a fertilizer of hair, wound healing, and for skin care. This plant can be found easily in the arid region of Africa.
Along with the advancement of science and technology, the utilization of aloe vera plants developed as a raw material for pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries, as well as food and health drinks.
In general, aloe vera is one of the 10 best-selling plants in the world that has the potential to be developed as a medicinal plant and industrial raw materials.
Substances Contained in Aloe Vera
Based on the research results, this plant is rich in the content of substances such as enzymes, amino acids, minerals, vitamins, polysaccharides and other components that are very beneficial to health.
In addition, according to Wahyono E and Kusnandar (2002), aloe vera nutritious as anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and helps the cell regeneration process. In addition to lowering blood sugar levels for diabetics, controlling blood pressure, stimulate immunity against cancer, and can be used as a nutritional support for cancer, people with HIV / AIDS.
One of the substances contained in aloe vera is aloe emodin, an organic compound of anthraquinone groups that activates insulin signaling levels such as beta-insulin and -substratic insulators1, phosphatidyl inositol-3 kinases and increases the rate of glycogen synthesis by inhibiting glycogenase kinase 3beta, thereby very useful to reduce the ratio of blood sugar.
In the countries of America, Australia, and Europe, currently aloe vera has also been used as raw material for the food and beverage industry.
Aloe vera contains all kinds of vitamins except vitamin D, minerals needed for enzyme function, saponins that function as anti microbial and 20 of 22 kinds of amino acids. In its use for skin care, Aloe vera can relieve acne, moisturize the skin, detoxify the skin, eliminate scars and marks, reduce inflammation and repair and rejuvenate the skin. With a variety of benefits contained in aloe vera, utilization is less optimal by people who only use it as a fertilizer hair.
Benefits of Aloe Vera
Thanks to Herbs-Benefits and Benefits of Aloe Vera (Aloe Vera), Aloe Vera (Aloe vera) is one of the traditional medicinal plants that have many benefits and benefits. Aloe vera is included in the Liliaceae tribe, often planted in pots or yard. The content and efficacy of aloe vera has long been studied, only its usefulness has not been used optimally. Most people know the use of Aloe Vera just as a hairdresser or shampoo. Whereas the content of Aloe vera can treat diseases, skin, antibacterial, antifungal as a drink and health food. Part of the plant Aloe vera that can be processed into various products namely leaf, exudate, and gel.
Aloe vera gel contains several natural active ingredients that can be useful as an antibacterial. Aloe vera gel contains Antraqunion and Saponin (Fumawathi, 2002). Antraquinone in small amounts helps the absorption of the gastro intestinal tract have an antimicrobial effect and the effect of killing the pain. Saponins contain as much as 3% of Aloe vera gel (Aloe vera) has antiseptic ability. This substance reacts strongly as an antimicrobial against bacteria, viruses, fungi, and yeasts.
This plant is useful as a raw material for the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Besides, it is also the ingredient of making food and health drinks. In 1977 it was reported in the Drugs and Cosmetic Journal that the secret of the efficacy of Aloe vera lies in its nutrient content, the polysaccharide (Glucomannan) in cooperation with essential and secondary amino acids, oxidase enzymes, catalases and lipases, especially protein-breaking enzymes (protease). The protease enzyme helps break down the skin tissue that is sick due to certain damage and helps break down the bacteria, so Aloe vera is antibiotic, as well as pain damper. As a result, amino acids function to destroy protein replacement of damaged cells.